Who Was Arguably The Most Important Athenian Political Figure Of The Classical Age?

How did Athens fall?

The war between Athens and the city-state Sparta ended with an Athenian defeat after Sparta started its own navy.

Athenian democracy was briefly overthrown by the coup of 411, brought about because of its poor handling of the war, but it was quickly restored.

The war ended with the complete defeat of Athens in 404..

Who destroyed Athens?

Xerxes IThe Achaemenid destruction of Athens was accomplished by the Achaemenid Army of Xerxes I during the Second Persian invasion of Greece, and occurred in two phases over a period of two years, in 480-479 BCE.

What are the 4 types of politics?

Anthropologists generally recognize four kinds of political systems, two of which are uncentralized and two of which are centralized.Uncentralized systems. Band society. … Centralized governments. Chiefdom. … Supranational political systems. … Empires. … Leagues.

Who were the real leaders of Athens?

The so-called golden age of Athenian culture flourished under the leadership of Pericles (495-429 B.C.), a brilliant general, orator, patron of the arts and politician—”the first citizen” of democratic Athens, according to the historian Thucydides.

Who was the first king of Greece?

Otto von WittelsbachOtto, also called Otto von Wittelsbach, (born June 1, 1815, Salzburg, Austria—died July 26, 1867, Bamberg, Bavaria [Germany]), first king of the modern Greek state (1832–62), who governed his country autocratically until he was forced to become a constitutional monarch in 1843.

What did Athenians value the most?

The Athenians valued education and the arts and believed that educated people made the best citizens.

What was Athenian government like?

AristocracyAthenian democracyDirect democracyClassical Athens/Government

What was Athenian culture like?

The Ancient Athenians were peaceful, they enjoyed the systematic study of subjects such as science, philosophy, and history. They also loved art, architecture and literature, and they created thousands of temples, statues, paintings and texts.

Who is the king of ancient Greece?

Alexander the GreatPhilip II, king of Macedon and Greece (359–336 B.C.) Alexander the Great, , king of Macedon and much of Asia, (356–323 B.C.) Lysimachus, general of Alexander the Great, ruler of Thrace, west Asia Minor, and Macedonia, (c. 355–281 B.C.)

Who was the greatest Greek king?

Here, we will discuss some of the great leaders who ruled Greece during ancient times:Alexander the Great (356 BC–323 BC) … Pericles (494 BC-429 BC) … Leonidas, King of Sparta (540 BC-480 BC) … Solon (630 BC-560 BC) … Cleisthenes (570 BC-508 BC) … Demosthenes (384 BC-322 BC) … Draco (650 BC-600 BC)More items…•

Who is the king of Athens?

TheseusTheseus, the king of Athens. The semi-mythical, semi-historical Theseus was the great hero of ancient Athens. The numerous heroic deeds ascribed to him were seen by the ancient Athenians as the acts that led to the birth of democracy in the Attic city-state, the cradle of Greek democracy.

Is Athens older than Rome?

Athens is seriously old having been founded somewhere between 3000 and 5000 years BC. However Ancient Rome didn’t spring into life until at least a couple of millennia after the heyday of the great early civilisations in Greece and Egypt.

Who was involved in politics in ancient Athens?

Greek democracy created at Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition.

Who were the Athenians and what were they known for?

Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war.

Who was the greatest Greek leader?

Alexander the GreatAlexander the Great is the most famous Greek personality ever. His short life was full of adventures. Born in Pella, Macedonia, in 356 BC, he became king at the age of 20.